Pesticide is a chemical compund which made for the purposing of death or the dangerous for nature life (Nhachi, 1999). The exposure level of pesticides significantly made the negative impact for health. Its charater poisons to human and have negative impact for environment and ecosystem. According to World Health Organization (WHO) and Envrionmental Program of United Nation (UNEP), mentioned that in developing countries every year occurs pesticides poisoned for workers whom works in agriculture sector as amount one to five cases and 20,000 cases in between lead to death (Fleische, 1999)., Kishi, et al (1995) added that the cases for pesticides poisoned unreported in details. So that, the numbers of poised is higher that the reported cases as well.
Generally chemical pesticides penetrating to human body through three way, namely: breath system, digestive system, skin tissue. The penetrating of pesticide through skin tissue is the most dangerous (Nigg, et al. 1988). Its based on the thought that the penetrated of pesticides through skin was unrealised. Otherwise, through mount and nose will be realised completely by itself. Doses not onlye determine the level of danger, but also explained the composition of dangerous chemical compound that could killed the microbes. The pesticides designed to targeting to kill the pest, however, when its applicated there another ecosystem such as, plants, crops, and humans in the target location of pesticides as well.
The fact was the palm oil plantation industries still using the danger pesticides and also the highly risk to poisoned of the spraying activity. Those pesticides were used to tackle the pest and disease of palm oil, such as; Fire Worm (Limacodidae) and bag caterpillar (Psychidae), base rot, fungi infections, and weed (Mikania micrantha) that could decreasing the palm oil productions to 50%. To protect the risk of decreasing the production, the company using the pesticides, such as; Gramoxone and Round up, Ally, Glisat, Glinat that contain paraquat and other danger chemical compound.
Stated from ex Minister of Agriculture Prof. Dr. Bungaran Saragih, acknowledge that there were 25 types of pesticides which is used on palm oil plantation industries. The effect that lead by the pesticides in palm oil plantation tend to highly value to life and human quality of life, due to could decreasing the productivity. The obstacles could experienced by women workers, such as; headache and dizzy, blurring, hand trembles, skin rash, and heart beat, over sweating, insomnia, breath problem, bellyful, vomiting annd diarrhea.